Melasma type pigment spots consist of melanin pigment accumulation and have an evolution over time. At the beginning of melasma, the pigment is in the keratinocytes of the epidermis (epidermal melasma) and then, over time, the pigment accumulates in the dermis (dermal melasma) or in both (mixed melasma). Thus, the pigment gets deeper in the skin and more difficult to clear.
The sooner we do a treatment for melasma the better, since it will be more superficial and respond better to treatments.
The treatment to minimize these pigment spots of melasma type is complex and long, since it is a chronic pigmentation. Therefore, I always tell my patients that a chronic disorder requires a chronic treatment. The treatment to minimize these pigment spots melasma type can be in monotherapy or combined therapies. Thus, we can use laser and / or skin lightener creams along with sun protection factor.
The laser that emits its light in picoseconds is the newest and most advanced for benign pigmentation problems such as melasma, solar lentigines, age or sun spots, Ota nevus and café-au-lait spots among others.